To sign up for this cluster, use Bison code L.27375.
This cluster consists of the following projects:

Research the Combat Information Center of the Future

The Command Information Center (CiC) onboard of Naval vessels can be seen as the nerve center of all tactical operations. It collects data from sensors and other systems in order to provide the operators with a clear understanding of the actual situation, with the possibility to perform combat operations. It is used by various operators that execute specific tasks such as mission planning, situational awareness (identification and classification of the surrounding environment), warfare operations (fighting a battle with guns, missiles) etc. Currently, these operators use classic working positions that are based on a desktop console with display, trackball, keyboard, mouse, etc. We foresee that future missions will become more complex and the amount of available information will increase dramatically, overloading the people working in the CiC. Complex information fusion, in combination with smaller crews, requires an investigation for alternative solutions. Therefore, we would like you to research the CiC of the future, a CiC that can adapt quicky to changing missions, can be operated by a smaller and possible younger crew, is intuitive and flexible to use. We need creative teams that investigate new and/or alternate ways of working, like haptic feedback, VR/AR technologies, Display technologies (video walls, etc) and/or consoles and chairs. We expect proactive team(members), an out-of-the-box attitude and a lot of fun!

DaVinci – Dating fingerprints by using quantum dots

This 3S project will be part of a bigger project in which the Saxion research groups Advanced Forensic Technology and Nanobio closely work together with the National Police, the University of Twente and several private companies to develop an age dating fingerprint technique. By using functionalized quantum dots (GDs), the aim is to develop and realize a new method in which fingerprints can accurately be detected and dated by forensic researches, directly on the crime scene. In order to develop this technique, it first needs to be established which biomarkers provide significant information about the time a fingerprint is deposited on a surface. These biomarkers will then be used as a target for functionalized QDs. Together with the partners and companies in the consortium, the QDs with the best signal and resolution will be analyzed and tested for accuracy and specificity. In a later phase of the project, we will focus on how to integrate this method into (or as an addition) to the currently used techniques by the forensic researches. When the method is optimized, the newly developed method for dating fingerprints on a crime scene will be tested in practice on realistic scenarios and implemented into the current forensic practice. The goal of the 3S project will be to test and validate the QDs which are functionalized towards the desired biomarkers in fingerprints. Also, detecting the quantum dots by different visualization techniques (mobile phones?) will be addressed. At the end, the technique must be used in the forensic field by the police on site. Therefore, knowledge of forensics must be incorporated early on in the project.

Cold Case

The Netherlands counts 1500 cold cases;1500 crimes unsolved. This research helps to reduce this number. The aim of the project is to investigate the possibility to obtain a DNA profile from cell material of odour cloths.  The project focuses on single cell research, more specifically isolating single cells and transferring them into a DNA profile, to eliminate the mixed profiles that occur quite often. During this research, single cells will be isolated from pieces of evidence coming from actual cold cases! The DNA in these cells will be amplified and detected, which will give a single source DNA-Profile. Cells interact differently with different fabrics, so to find the most efficient way to isolate cells, tests are held on different fibres and structures. Lastly, to determine the probative value of a single source DNA-profile, interviews are taking place with different experts in the field. In addition to the further optimization of the existing processes, a second research line will be explored. Research must be conducted into the possibilities of a lab-on-a-chip application. Some kits have already been chosen for this, but have not yet been tested and compared to each other. Initially, only the amplification yield will be investigated, after that the tests will be repeated with human DNA.

CSI-drone – Synthetic drug detection from the sky

Drugs synthesis and export is a huge criminal element in The Netherlands. 18,9 billion euros of Dutch xtc (MDMA) and speed (amfetamine) are sold each year. This gives raise to a huge nuisance to Dutch society and internationally. Drug waste from the synthesis has a huge negative impact on the environment. The aim of this project is to detect the scent/fumes of drugs measured and collected by a drone and validated by a GC-MS-MS. This drone has already been built and is in use by the Dutch fire department for detection of toxic substance at mayor fires. The students’ assignment is to improve a module for capturing the scent/fumes of hard drug synthesis, and to create and validate a GC-MS-MS method. By doing this, they are creating automated detection of these druglabs.

Police Interrogation

Police interrogation is one of the most frequent used technigues in crime research. During an interrogation, police officers (probably) receive crucial information from victims, witnesses or suspects. Together with the information based on crimescene research (or other police techniques), police rersearchers are able to reconstruct a criminal event. There are several studies which are focussingen on interrogation techniques (e.g. Kop et al.), but most studies pay less attention to the physical conditions/ environment. Most of the police interrogations took place in a special interrogation room. Such places are sparely furnished and practical/ safety issues are the most elementary aspects. In this study, we are focussing on the research question ‘if the fysical environment of an interrogation room could influence the willingness to explain?’. Is it possible to influence the behavior of victims, witnesses or suspects/ willingness to explain by using different colors, sounds or odor? In commercial settings the use of colors, sound and odor is more common and frequently used to influence behavior (of customers) in a positive way. Together with professional police interrogators and other police specialists (e.g. recherchepsychologen), we would like to explore in what way these techniques will (possible) improve the willingness to explain during a police interrogation. The use of lights/ colors, odor or sounds in an interrogation room is an unexplored terrain. We’d like to measure the differences in willingness, by using remote sensing techniques – we have to develop it by ourselves – and the emotion detection technique, developed by Vokaturi BV. For the interpretation of the sensors, we need to develop our own articifical intelligence technique and build up our own database. Besides this, we have to look to several ethical issues. For this study, we have to set-up different real-live experiments, built our own interrogation rooms and work very closely with several police specialists. Students need to sign a NDA.

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Questions about this cluster?

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